Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is a chronic condition characterized by pain, stiffness and tenderness of the muscles, tendons and joints.1 Although FMS can be disabling, tissue damage and deformity do not occur.1,2 Pain is widespread and chronic. The symptoms, which affect quality of life, tend to wax and wane but do not affect lifespan.3
- Widespread pain lasting > three months4,5
- Tenderness to palpation in areas on both sides of the body above and below the waist.4 The physician may or may not palpate tender points; older diagnostic guidelines (1990) included tender point palpation.
- Waking unrefreshed5
- Cognitive symptoms5 (e.g. problems remembering)
- Physical symptoms5 (e.g. headaches, weakness)
- Psychological distress/stress
- Sleep disturbance
- Genetic susceptibility
- Lifestyle factors (low levels of activity, overweight, smoking)
- Social factors such as socioeconomic status
- Pain Education- Your therapist may describe how components of the pain experience may relate to your individual situation8,9.
- Aerobic Exercise- Tailored to the needs of the individual11
- Strengthening Exercise- Tailored to the needs of the individual11